On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard homes at every tunnel portal.

I ran across A russian railfan forum, where in actuality the reason behind these safety measures ended up being raised.

VeschiiOleg penned: for instance, the method of any severe connection is enclosed by way of a area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what foundation have you been using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg penned: ВОХРовец, in line with the statute for the guard solution they don’t have legal rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he ought not to keep. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

Just what exactly would be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

Specialised state departmental armed devices responsible for protecting structures, structures, automobiles, and cargo from illegal attacks. They usually have the ability to make use of armed forces and solution firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and strips that are spike to cease automobiles. Officials of state protection that is departmental by federal state figures) have the ability to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the Code of Administrative Offences of this Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) – who describe by themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries out its tasks in line with the Resolution for the federal federal Government associated with the Russian Federation of write my paper for me 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection of this Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security associated with cargo being transported, the security of items and also the fire security of railway transportation when you look at the passions regarding the continuing state, residents therefore the business “RZhD” all over the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the protection that is departmental of railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with over 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 most critical people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors carry out fire prevention at stationary facilities and stock that is rolling. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical expel emergencies with dangerous products.

They also flaunt their work protecting major bridges.

As well as railway tunnels.

So just why are such substantial safety measures set up?

Some body for a railway that is russian asked the exact same concern, and got different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The proven fact that the railway bridges are incredibly heavily guarded is understandable, nobody doubts that is necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: what makes vehicle bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in the case of any sort of accident regarding the train such as for instance connection collapse, the results will likely be so much more significant when compared with a road connection. Any vehicle may have time for you ahead stop seeing regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than train connection, it is therefore impractical to protect most of the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road cars discover a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means complete paralysis of this path before the connection is totally restored.

Sura i am aware that individuals are talking about “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge over the tiny river should be restored in an exceedingly quick area from pre-prepared sets. Really, that’s why they may not be protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been beneath the security associated with armed forces division; security of “external purchase, deanery and general public safety” ended up being completed by areas of the railway guard therefore the authorities. Cargoes, home and methods had been beneath the care of watchmen, who had been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.

So that you can fortify the leadership, in March 1918 a unique decree ended up being used “On the centralisation of administration, the security of railways additionally the increase of the efficiency”. By the decree of this federal government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), work of Protection had been founded.

The squad on the floor included transportation professionals. They fought decisively against stowaways and people whom attempted to transport items without re re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to increase the true range security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other unlawful element.

The NKPS ended up being forced to simply simply simply take measures that are extreme. During the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went underneath the tutelage of neighborhood authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some propaganda that is few

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River from the Kuybyshev Railway.

Footnote

Ministry of Railways of this USSR directive«Типовые that is no-298y по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security for the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing standards around limited areas.

Relative to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries associated with area that is restricted protected by a barbed cable fence (tape or net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Within the landscapes, these are typically designated by indicators 2 m high above the bottom surface, installed across the fence line through the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure for the limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. According to clause 2.2.3, from the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights regarding the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are created to boost the equipping regarding the landscapes beyond your limited area. According to paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising those activities of Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

Based on clause 2.4.1 regarding the manual a security system is made to offer protection when it comes to protected item, including: guard, articles, sales, areas and channels, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical way of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should give you the guard: an acceptable summary of all parts of the post plus the surrounding area; adequate lighting of this ways to the item, its most significant points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection equipment and guards; the alternative of centralised handling of the whole illumination system or a team of fixtures, as well as in necessary situations, separate lamps (projectors).

Equipment of restricted areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety illumination system, technical safety equipment, postal communication and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With respect to the nature of this item additionally the conditions of its location, the fence is created round the border for the web site plus the boundaries of this limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be taken into consideration so it needs to be rectilinear, without unnecessary bends restricting observation, for around one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. Relative to the established procedure, protection lighting should offer lighting in the boundaries.

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